Academic Publications




often called Questionable Research Practices (QRPs), research misconduct concerns sub-optimal research practices that result in faulty findings, whether through intentionally fraudulent techniques, or poorly planned and executed protocols.

Boutron I., & Ravaud P. (2018). Misrepresentation and distortion of research in biomedical literature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 115(11), 2613-2619.

Godecharles S., Nieuws S., Nemery B., & Dierickx K. (2017). Scientists still behaving badly? A survey within industry and universities. Science and Engineering Ethics, 24(6), 1697-1717.

Rohwer A., Wager E., Young T., & Garner P. (2018). Plagiarism in research: a survey of African medical journals. BMJ Open, 8(11).

George S. L. (2016). Research misconduct and data fraud in clinical trials: prevalence and causal factors. International Journal of Clinical Oncology, 21(1), 15-21.

Pickett J. T., & Roche S. P. (2018). Questionable, Objectionable, or Criminal? Public Opinion on Data Fraud and Selective Reporting in Science. Science and Engineering Ethics, 24(1), 151-171.

Hofmann B., Helgesson G., Juth N., & Holm S. (2015). Scientific Dishonesty: A Survey of Doctoral Students at the Major Medical Faculties in Sweden and Norway. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 10(4), 380.

Abbott, A., & Graf, P. (2003). Survey reveals mixed feelings over scientific misconduct. Nature, 424(6945), 117-117.

Berger, V. W., & Ioannidis, J. P. (2004). The Decameron of poor research. BMJ, 329(7480), 1436-1440.

Bevan, J. C. (2002). Ethical behaviour of authors in biomedical journalism. Annals (Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada), 35(2), 81-85.

Bird, S. J. (2004). Publicizing scientific misconduct and its consequences. Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(3), 435-436.

Bonetta, L. (2006). The aftermath of scientific fraud. Cell, 124(5), 873-875.

Braxton, J. M., & Bayer, A. E. (1994). Perceptions of research misconduct and an analysis of their correlates. The Journal of Higher Education, 351-372.

Breen, K. J. (2003). Misconduct in medical research: whose responsibility?. Internal Medicine Journal, 33(4), 186-191.

Brumfiel, G. (2002). Misconduct finding at Bell Labs shakes physics community. Nature, 419(6906), 419-421.

Budiansky, S. (1983). Research fraud: false data confessed. Nature, 301(5896), 101.

Check, E. (2002). Scientific misconduct: Sitting in judgement. Nature, 419(6905), 332-333.

Chop, R. M., & Silva, M. C. (1991). Scientific fraud: Definitions, policies, and implications for nursing research. Journal of Professional Nursing, 7(3), 166-171.

Corbyn, Z. (2012). Misconduct is the main cause of life-sciences retractions.Nature, 490(7418), 21.

Dingell, J. D. (1993). Misconduct in medical research. New England Journal of Medicine, 328(22), 1610-1615.

Davis, M. S. (2003). The role of culture in research misconduct. Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance, 10(3), 189-201.

Daroff, R. B., & Griggs, R. C. (2004). Scientific misconduct and breach of publication ethics. Neurology, 62(3), 352-353.

Engler, R. L., Covell, J. W., Friedman, P. J., Kitcher, P. S., & Peters, R. M. (1987). Misrepresentation and responsibility in medical research. The New England Journal of Medicine, 317(22), 1383-1389.

Fang, F. C., Bennett, J. W., & Casadevall, A. (2013). Males are overrepresented among life science researchers committing scientific misconduct. MBio, 4(1), e00640-12.

Fang, F. C., & Casadevall, A. (2013). Why we cheat. Scientific American Mind24(2), 30-37.

Fang, F. C., Steen, R. G., & Casadevall, A. (2012). Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(42), 17028-17033.

Ferriman, A. (2000). Consultant suspended for research fraud. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 321(7274), 1429.

Fox, M. F., & Braxton, J. M. (1994). Misconduct and social control in science: issues, problems, solutions. The Journal of Higher Education, 373-383.

Friedman, P. J. (1992). Mistakes and fraud in medical research. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 20(1‐2), 17-25.

Friedman, P. J. (1992). On misunderstanding scientific misconduct. Science Communication, 14(2), 153-156.

Friedman, P. J. (1988). Fraud in radiologic research. American Journal of Roentgenology, 150(1), 27-30.

Friedman, L., & Richter, E. D. (2005). Conflicts of interest and scientific integrity. International Journal of Occupational Environ Health, 11, 205-6.

Gottlieb, S. (2000). Breast cancer researcher accused of serious scientific misconduct. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 320(7232), 398.

Greitemeyer, T., & Sagioglou, C. (2015). Does Exonerating an Accused Researcher Restore the Researcher’s Credibility? PLOS, 10(5), 1-12.

Grinnell, F. (1997). Truth, fairness, and the definition of scientific misconduct. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 129(2), 189-192.

Gross, C. (2016). Scientific Misconduct. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 693-711.

Hackett, E. J. (1993). A new perspective on scientific misconduct. Academic Medicine, 68(9), S72-6.

Harrison, W. T., Simpson, J., & Weil, M. (2010). Editorial. Acta Crystallographica, E66, e1-e2.

Hilgartner, S. (1990). Research fraud, misconduct, and the IRB. IRB, 1-4.

Kennedy, D. (2003). Research fraud and public policy. Science, 300(5618), 393.

Knoll, E. (1992). What Is Scientific Misconduct?. Science Communication,14(2), 174-180.

Korn, D. (2002). Scientific misconduct: the state’s role has limits. Nature, 420(6917), 739-739.

LaFollette, M. C. (2000). The evolution of the “scientific misconduct” issue: an historical overview. Experimental Biology and Medicine, 224(4), 211-215.

LaFollette, M. C. (1994). The pathology of research fraud: the history and politics of the US experience. Journal of Internal Medicine, 235(2), 129-135.

Lefor, A. T. (2005). Scientific misconduct and unethical human experimentation: historic parallels and moral implications. Nutrition, 21(7), 878-882.

Liu, S. V. (2006). What drives scientists crazy and causes them to misconduct?-The origin and evolution of modern scientific misconduct. Sci. Ethics, 1, 53-58.

Marshall, E. (2000). How prevalent is fraud? That’s a million-dollar question. Science, 290(5497), 1662-1663.

Martinson, B. C., Anderson, M. S., & De Vries, R. (2005). Scientists behaving badly. Nature, 435(7043), 737-738.

Martyn, C. (2003). Fabrication, falsification and plagiarism. QJM, 96(4), 243-244.

Neuroskeptic (2012). The Nine Circles of Scientific Hell. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 643-644.

Nigg, H. N., & Radulescu, G. (1994). Scientific misconduct in environmental science and toxicology. JAMA, 272(2), 168-170.

Petersdorf, R. G. (1986). Fraud, Irresponsible Authorship, and Their Causes: The Pathogenesis of Fraud in Medical Science. Annals of Internal Medicine,104(2), 252-254.

Price, A. R. (1994). Definitions and boundaries of research misconduct: Perspectives from a federal government viewpoint. The Journal of Higher Education, 286-297.

Racker, E. (1989). A view of misconduct in science. Nature, 339(6220), 91.

Rennie, D., Evans, I., Farthing, M. J., Chantler, C., Chantler, S., & Riis, P. (1998). Dealing with research misconduct in the United Kingdom. BMJ, 316(6).

Rennie, D., & Gunsalus, C. K. (1993). Scientific misconduct: new definition, procedures, and office—perhaps a new leaf. JAMA, 269(7), 915-917.

Rhodes, R., & Strain, J. J. (2004). Whistleblowing in academic medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(1), 35-39.

Rotonda, T. (1990). Underreporting research is scientific misconduct. Jama263, 1405-1408

Rowe, S., Alexander, N., Clydesdale, F., Applebaum, R., Atkinson, S., Black, R., … & Wedral, E. (2009). Funding food science and nutrition research: financial conflicts and scientific integrity. Nutrition Reviews, 67(5), 264-272.

Sachs, G. A., & Siegler, M. (1993). Teaching scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research. Academic Medicine, 68(12), 871-5.

Shapiro, M. F., & Charrow, R. P. (1985). Scientific misconduct in investigational drug trials. The New England Journal of Medicine, 312(11), 731-736.

Souder, L. (2010). A rhetorical analysis of apologies for scientific misconduct: do they really mean it?. Science and Engineering Ethics, 16(1), 175-184.

Steneck, N. H. (1994). Research universities and scientific misconduct: History, policies, and the future. The Journal of Higher Education, 310-330.

Stern, A. M., Casadevall, A., Steen, R. G., & Fang, F. C. (2014). Financial costs and personal consequences of research misconduct resulting in retracted publications. Elife, 3, e02956.

Swazey, J. P., Anderson, M. S., Lewis, K. S., & Louis, K. S. (1993). Ethical problems in academic research. American Scientist, 542-553.

White, C. (2005). Suspected research fraud: difficulties of getting at the truth. BMJ, 331(7511), 281-288.

Yankauer, A. (1990). Editor’s report: scientific misconduct and the responsibility of journal editors. American Journal of Public Health, 80(4), 399-400.

Youngner, J. S. (1998). The scientific misconduct process: A scientist’s view from the inside. JAMA, 279(1), 62-64.

Kingori P., & Gerrets R. (2016) Morals, morale, and motivations in data fabrication: Medical research fieldworkers views and practices in two Sub-Saharan African contexts. Social Science & Medicine, 166, 150-159.

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