Academic Publications




a public statement removing previously published research findings from the literature when it is discovered that that these findings are invalid, unreliable or fraudulent.

Casadevall, A., Steen, R. G., & Fang, F. C. (2014). Sources of error in the retracted scientific literature. The FASEB Journal, 28(9), 3847-3855.

Cokol, M., Ozbay, F., & Rodriguez‐Esteban, R. (2008). Retraction rates are on the rise. EMBO reports, 9(1), 2-2.

Fang, F. C., & Casadevall, A. (2011). Retracted science and the retraction index. Infection and Immunity, 79(10), 3855-3859.

Pfeifer, M. P., & Snodgrass, G. L. (1990). The continued use of retracted, invalid scientific literature. JAMA, 263(10), 1420-1423.

Pownall, M. (1999). Falsifying data is main problem in US research fraud review. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 318(7192), 1164.

Rao, T.S.S., & Andrade, C. (2011). The MMR vaccine and autism: Sensation, refutation, retraction, and fraud. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(2), 95-96.

Steen, R. G. (2010). Retractions in the scientific literature: is the incidence of research fraud increasing?. Journal of Medical Ethics, jme-2010.

Steen, R. G., Casadevall, A., & Fang, F. C. (2013). Why has the number of scientific retractions increased?. PloS One, 8(7), e68397.

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