Academic Publications


A public statement removing previously published research findings from the literature when it is discovered that these findings are invalid, unreliable, or fraudulent.

Adam, D. (2003). Paper retracted as co-author admits forgery. Nature, 421(6925), 775.

Atlas, M. C. (2004). Retraction policies of high-impact biomedical journals. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 92(2), 242. a>

Bilbrey, E., O’Dell, N., & Creamer, J. (2014). A novel rubric for rating the quality of retraction notices. Publications, 2(1), 14-26.

Budd, J. M., Sievert, M., Schultz, T. R., & Scoville, C. (1999). Effects of article retraction on citation and practice in medicine. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 87(4), 437.

Budd, J. M., Sievert, M., & Schultz, T. R. (1998). Phenomena of retraction: reasons for retraction and citations to the publications. JAMA, 280(3), 296-297.

Butler, D., & Hogan, J. (2007). Modellers seek reason for low retraction rates. Nature, 447(7142), 236-7.

Casadevall, A., Steen, R. G., & Fang, F. C. (2014). Sources of error in the retracted scientific literature. The FASEB Journal, 28(9), 3847-3855.

Chaddah, P. (2014). Not all plagiarism requires a retraction. Nature, 511(7508), 127.

Cokol, M., Ozbay, F., & Rodriguez‐Esteban, R. (2008). Retraction rates are on the rise. EMBO reports, 9(1), 2-2.

Cokol, M., Iossifov, I., Rodriguez‐Esteban, R., & Rzhetsky, A. (2007). How many scientific papers should be retracted?. EMBO reports, 8(5), 422-423.

Cyranoski, D. (2012). Retraction record rocks community. Nature, 489(7416), 346.

Elia, N., Wager, E., & Tramèr, M. R. (2014). Fate of articles that warranted retraction due to ethical concerns: a descriptive cross-sectional study. PloS one, 9(1), e85846.

Fang, F. C., & Casadevall, A. (2011). Retracted science and the retraction index. Infection and Immunity, 79(10), 3855-3859.

Fang, F. C., Steen, R. G., & Casadevall, A. (2012). Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(42), 17028-17033.

Fontanarosa, P. B., & DeAngelis, C. D. (2005). Correcting the literature-retraction and republication: The journal of the american medical association the journal of the american medical association. Jama, 293(20), 2536.

Horton, R. (2008). Retraction-A growing, bleeding, violet mole. The Lancet, 371(9609), 288.

Jones, N. (2009). Analysis of retractions puts spotlight on academia. Nature Medicine, 15(10), 1101.

Karabag, S. F., & Berggren, C. (2012). Retraction, dishonesty and plagiarism: analysis of a crucial issue for academic publishing, and the inadequate responses from leading journals in economics and management disciplines.

Li, G,, Kamel, M., Jin Y., Xu M. K., Mbuagbaw L., Samaan Z., Levine M. A., & Thabane L. (2018). Exploring the characteristics, global distribution and reasons for retraction of published articles involving human research participants: a literature survey. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 11, 39-47.

Lu, S. F., Jin, G. Z., Uzzi, B., & Jones, B. F. (2013).The retraction penalty: evidence from the Web of Science.

Madlock-Brown, C. R., & Eichmann, D. (2015). The (lack of) impact of retraction on citation networks. Science and engineering ethics, 21(1), 127-137.

Miller, G. (2010). Misconduct by postdocs leads to retraction of papers. Science, 329(5999), 1583-1583.

Pfeifer, M. P., & Snodgrass, G. L. (1990). The continued use of retracted, invalid scientific literature. JAMA, 263(10), 1420-1423.

Pownall, M. (1999). Falsifying data is main problem in US research fraud review. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 318(7192), 1164.

R, G. S., Casadevall, A., & Fang, F. C. (2013). Correction: Why has the number of scientific retractions increased? PLoS One, 8(7).

Rao, T.S.S., & Andrade, C. (2011). The MMR vaccine and autism: Sensation, refutation, retraction, and fraud. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(2), 95-96.

Redman, B. K., Yarandi, H. N., & Merz, J. F. (2008). Empirical developments in retraction. Journal of Medical Ethics, 34(11), 807-809.

Resnik, D. B., Wager, E., & Kissling, G. E. (2015). Retraction policies of top scientific journals ranked by impact factor. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 103(3), 136-139.

Snodgrass, G. L., & Pfeifer, M. P. (1992). The characteristics of medical retraction notices. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 80(4), 328.

Steen, R. G. (2010). Retractions in the scientific literature: is the incidence of research fraud increasing?. Journal of Medical Ethics, jme-2010.

Steen, R. G., Casadevall, A., & Fang, F. C. (2013). Why has the number of scientific retractions increased?. PloS One, 8(7), e68397.

Trikalinos, N. A., Evangelou, E., & Ioannidis, J. P. (2008). Falsified papers in high-impact journals were slow to retract and indistinguishable from nonfraudulent papers. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 61(5), 464-470.

Van Noorden, R. (2011). The trouble with retractions. Nature, 478(7367), 26.

Wager, E., Barbour, V., Yentis, S., & Kleinert, S. (2009). Retractions: Guidance from the committee on publication ethics. Journal of Critical Care, 24(4), 620-2.

White, P. F., Rosow, C. E., & Shafer, S. L. (2011). The Scott Reuben saga: one last retraction. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 112(3), 512-515.

Wright, K., & McDaid, C. (2011, October). Is the retraction of journal articles in electronic journals and databases consistent and timely? A case study. In 19th Cochrane Colloquium, Madrid (pp. 19-22).