Statistical Forensics


Questionable Methods

Statistical forensics refer to statistical techniques that can assess the credibility or likely replicability of scientific studies.


The manipulation of data that results in a desired p-value.

Simpson’s Paradox:

A phenomenon in probability and statistics in which a trend appears in different groups of data but disappears or reverses when these groups are combined.

Selective Reporting:

Outcomes, Experimental Conditions, and Studies

Image Manipulation:

Clarification and Deception

Fraudulent Survey Data:

Fabricated answers